ERIC Number: ED333265
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Factors Determining Adolescent Locus of Control.
Kopera-Frye, Karen F.; And Others
Previous research has demonstrated an association between locus of control in adolescence and a successful transition to adulthood. Having an external locus of control has been implicated as an important factor in adolescent behaviors such as teenage pregnancy and delinquency, and has been found to be negatively related to school achievement. This study was conducted to assess factors predicting adolescent locus of control, including parent-adolescent communication, the adolescent's satisfaction with social support, and life stress. Possible effects of locus of control on other key variables which may affect issues related to adolescent development were also examined, including school achievement, antisocial influences, and depression. Self-report questionnaires were completed by 1,264 ninth graders. The findings revealed that mother-adolescent communication and life stress had both direct and indirect effects on locus of control. Locus of control was found to be critical only in predicting depression and grade point average, not antisocial influences. Other variables in combination with locus of control determined grade point average, antisocial influences, and depression. All but one of the interactions tested were significant. Locus of control interacted with life stress to affect antisocial influences, while mother-adolescent communication interacted with life stress to predict depression. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Bureau of Maternal and Child Health and Resources Development.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).