ERIC Number: ED333264
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
The Effect of Supervisor's Locus of Control and Employee Behavior on Supervisor Attributions.
Two theoretical areas that lend themselves to study as they relate to supervisor-worker relations are locus of control and attribution theory. This study examined two general problems: (1) how a supervisor behaves toward an employee in relation to how that employee performs in the work place; and (2) how a supervisor's locus of control influences the supervisor's behavior toward an employee. Adult college students (N=160) were classified as having internal or external locus of control based on their responses to the Rotter Internal-External Locus of Control Scale. Subjects responded to a written simulation containing information about four employees who differed significantly in how they performed their jobs. For each case study, respondents rated luck, ability, effort, and task difficulty, and indicated future expectancy of employee success on similar task, increased performance, and amount of reward. The findings indicated that a supervisor's locus of control did not significantly influence his behavior toward an employee. Findings supported the view that a supervisor's behavior will vary toward an employee according to how an employee performs in the work place. An employee who demonstrated high performance and high effort expenditure was rewarded more than an employee who exhibited high performance and low effort expenditure. A high performing, high effort expenditure employee was expected to have future success at another task of the same kind, as well as increased performance on future assigments. (44 references) (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A