ERIC Number: ED333250
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-May
Childhood Depression: A Developmental Perspective on Disruption of Functioning.
Snyder, Rebecca Lynne
This paper reviews research on childhood depression and its relation to developmental processes, family functioning, academic performance, and peer relationships. The methodological strengths and weaknesses of the research are examined. A section on developmental perspectives looks at early childhood, school age children, and adolescence. Support is found for the importance of understanding developmental differences in the expression of childhood depression with respect to diagnosis and intervention. A review of studies conducted since 1980 reveals that, of currently depressed children, depression and psychological dysfunction among the parents are frequent. A review of longitudinal studies suggests that the remission or continuation of parental depression is concurrently and predictively linked to the severity of children's depression. The reviews found correlations between childhood depression and poor academic performance, dysfunctional family relationships, and diminished social competence. It is argued that clinicians working with depressed children should thoroughly examine developmental, family, academic, and social factors to implement maximally effective treatments. (49 references) (NB)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Psy.D. research paper, Biola University.