ERIC Number: ED333084
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
A Dream Denied: The Black Family in the Eighties.
McGhee, James D.
The extremely conservative political climate and the record-breaking recession have effectively destroyed the hopes and dreams of poor black families, and they seriously threaten the existence of an emerging, still fragile, black middle class. Prior to 1960, no more than 10-12 percent of black families could be counted as members of the middle class, but by 1980, fully 30 percent had achieved middle-class status. Although black families made very sizable income gains, the income gap between black and white families remains large, and low-income black families still comprise 70 percent of the black population. The number of blacks who have graduated from high school or college doubled between 1960 and 1980, resulting in increased earnings. During the same period, whites showed gains in educational attainment equal to or greater than blacks. However, a comparison of black and white income and educational attainment indicates that the income of black college graduates is still slightly lower than that of whites with only one to three years of college. Changes in Federal law have drastically reduced the amount of aid available to low-income students, creating serious barriers to future black progress. Federal reductions-in-force (RIF) have also had a disproportionately negative effect on blacks, who are losing Federal jobs at a rate 50 percent greater than whites. Increasing pressure on the middle class is indicated by the rising rate of home mortgage delinquencies and mortgage foreclosures during the 1980s. A list of 21 references and 11 tables of statistical data are appended. (FMW)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Urban League, Inc., New York, NY. Research Dept.