ERIC Number: ED333074
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Poverty and Poor Health among Elderly Hispanic Americans.
This national survey of 2,299 elderly Hispanic Americans found that a great number face a daily struggle, living on limited incomes and coping with poor health. Problems in later years are the result of immigration patterns, low educational attainment, and limited English proficiency that have resulted in a lifetime of low income, no pension, and no health insurance benefits. Many must live with relatives or other people because their incomes are so low or their health and functional status is so poor that they are unable to cope without assistance. Elderly Hispanic Americans are more dependent on Supplemental Security Income (SSI), yet less than half of those who qualify for SSI actually participate. Elderly Hispanic Americans are also more likely than other elderly to be in fair or poor health and to need medical services. Despite these greater health care needs, they are less adequately insured than the general elderly population. In addition to being in poorer health and using more acute care services, elderly Hispanic Americans need more long-term care services than other elderly people, and rely heavily on family members. Policy formation must take into consideration the different needs of Mexican Americans, Cuban Americans, Puerto Ricans, and other Hispanic subgroups, including those from South and Central America, the Caribbean, and Europe. Statistical data are presented in four tables and 15 graphs. A list of 12 references and an explanation of the survey methodology are appended. (FMW)
Descriptors: Cubans, Health Insurance, Health Needs, Hispanic Americans, Mexican Americans, National Surveys, Older Adults, Policy Formation, Poverty, Public Policy, Puerto Ricans
American Association of Retired Persons, Public Policy Institute, 1909 K Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20049.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.