ERIC Number: ED332756
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
A Short Guide to Understanding Individual Differences.
Rubadeau, Duane O.; And Others
This four-part guide is designed to help community college instructors understand and respond to individual differences in their students. First, the preface lays out a framework for an in-depth examination of individual learning differences by posing the following questions: (1) Is learning a single function or a composite of different types of abilities? (2) What is the relationship between ability to learn and intelligence? (3) Are individual differences in learning related to differences in students' personality characteristics? and (4) Is there a relationship between the learning assessed in the experimental-laboratory setting and the learning that occurs in the classroom setting? Following section I, which briefly discusses nature-nurture conditions as they relate to individual differences, section II covers cognitive factors, examining intelligence quotient (IQ), types of IQ tests, mental processes, and additional factors influencing IQ. In section III, cognitive style is explored, including types of cognitive style tests; IQ, cognitive style, and instruction; and the relationship between cognitive style and student behavior. Finally, section IV looks at cultural and physical factors that influence individual differences, including a discussion of racial and ethnic differences, physical differences, and physical and social differences in the classroom. (JMC)
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Community Colleges, Educational Environment, Foreign Countries, Individual Differences, Intelligence Differences, Intelligence Quotient, Learning Problems, Learning Processes, Nature Nurture Controversy, Social Differences, Social Influences, Teaching Guides, Thinking Skills, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: College of New Caledonia, Prince George (British Columbia). Centre for Improved Teaching.