ERIC Number: ED332397
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Computer Assisted Instruction for Students with Mild Handicaps. Abstract 27: Research and Resources on Special Education.
ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.
The research summary is based on studies reported in "Computer Assisted Instruction in Higher Order Skills for Mildly Handicapped Students: Programmatic Research on Design Principles" by Douglas W. Carnine. Overall, results indicated that well-designed computer-assisted instruction (CAI) can be an effective instructional medium for students with mild handicaps. Four types of CAI--drill and practice, simulations, tutorials, and videodisc--were investigated within the context of four stages of instruction--introduction, modeling, guided practice, and independent practice. Instructional principles examined included: size of teaching sets, cumulative review, explicit strategy teaching, discrimination practice, and elaborated correction. Among findings of specific studies were: shorter vocabulary lists led to faster total mastery; computer-based simulations used for review and practice were more effective than conventional instruction in providing students with practice solving health problems; elaborated feedback (showing student all steps necessary to arrive at the correct answer) was more effective than simple corrective feedback in improving generalization and transfer of new knowledge; direct teacher instruction appeared necessary for tasks combining verbal and mathematical reasoning (e.g., math story problems); and videodisc instruction was highly effective in teaching fractions. (DB)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Drills (Practice), Instructional Design, Instructional Effectiveness, Mild Disabilities, Simulation, Videodisks
Council for Exceptional Children, Publication Sales, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091-1589 ($1.00 each, minimum order of $5.00 prepaid).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Innovation and Development.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.
Note: For a related document, see ED 324 833.