ERIC Number: ED332390
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Adaptive Behavior. Abstract 26. Research & Resources on Special Education.
ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.
The abstract sheet summarizes research reported in "Assessing and Developing the Adaptive Functioning of Handicapped Children and Youth" by Robert H. Bruininks. The research concerned the dimensions of adaptive behavior, its usefulness in placement and eligibility decisions, and differences between ratings of students' adaptive behavior by persons in various roles. The first group of investigations included: a study of the structure of adaptive behavior as a function of age, developmental level, and type of handicap; and an exploration of the relationships between adaptive behavior, maladaptive behavior, and intellectual/academic ability. Synthesis of these and other studies resulted in the following conclusions: (1) the structure of adaptive behavior appears to be represented by one to two dimensions--a large general adaptive behavior factor and a second, relatively small factor, which varies with the particular test used; (2) maladaptive behavior is primarily a two-dimensional construct with social and personal dimensions; and (3) the adaptive behavior construct has minimal overlap or redundancy with the construct of intellectual and academic ability. Other studies found a strong correlation between adaptive behavior and special education placement and a tendency for parents to rate their children higher than teachers. Methodological concerns identified included factor analysis interpretation. Contains two references. (DB)
Descriptors: Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled), Behavior Problems, Daily Living Skills, Decision Making, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Eligibility, Intelligence, Research Methodology, Student Evaluation, Student Placement
Council for Exceptional Children, Publication Sales, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091-1589 ($1.00 each, minimum order of 5 prepaid).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Innovation and Development.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.