ERIC Number: ED332384
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Populations of Residential Facilities for Persons with Mental Retardation: Trends by Size, Operation and State, 1977 to 1987. Brief Report #32.
White, Carolyn C.; And Others
The paper reports on changes in the size and type of operation of residential facilities for persons with mental retardation in the United States over a recent decade (1977-1987). It also reports current (June, 1987) variability among states along these same dimensions. The decade saw a decrease of 9.6% in the number of mentally retarded persons in large state-operated institutions as well as a decrease in the rate of placement into all types of residential facilities for this population. Graphs provide detailed statistical data on utilization of various placement options. An increase in the number of small, nonstate, facilities is also noted as is the consistent size of the population served by the residential care system. Considerable progress is noted nationally in securing relatively small, community-based residential placements for persons with mental retardation. However, this progress was by no means uniformly realized among all states or with all types of facilities. Comments are made on standards for federal policy that would make the official national commitment to community-based services more consistently evident among all the states. Thirteen references are cited. (DB)
Descriptors: Delivery Systems, Group Homes, Mental Retardation, Placement, Residential Care, Residential Institutions, State Programs, Statistical Data, Trend Analysis
University of Minnesota, Center for Residential and Community Services, Institute on Community Integration, 207 Pattee Hall, 150 Pillsbury Dr., S.E. Minneapolis, MN 55455 ($2.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration on Developmental Disabilities (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Health Care Financing Administration (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Center for Residential and Community Services.