ERIC Number: ED332281
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: 0
What We Know About: Cooperative Learning.
Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.
Instructional methods that seek to promote learning through student cooperation, rather than competition, are discussed in this handbook. Sections include an outline of the characteristics of cooperative learning techniques; a summary of research on the effects of cooperative learning on academic achievement, ethnic relations, mainstreaming, and student self-esteem; and a discussion of teacher, student, parent, and administrator roles. Eight major cooperative learning methods are described: (1) Student Teams Achievement Divisions; (2) Teams Games Tournament; (3) Team Assisted Individualization; (4) Jigsaw (using an individual incentive structure); (5) Jigsaw (using a cooperative incentive structure); (6) Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition; (7) Learning Together; and (8) Group Investigation. Information is provided for each method as to the subjects for which it is appropriate, group structure, incentive structure, developers of the technique, grade level range, student assessment, and how it "works." All the methods have students organized in groups of two to six members. (25 references) (LMI)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Classroom Techniques, Cooperative Learning, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups, Group Activities, Learning Strategies, Mainstreaming, Self Esteem, Student Participation, Teaching Methods, Teamwork
Publication Sales, Educational Research Service, 2000 Clarendon Blvd., Arlington, VA 22201 (Stock No. 227-00001; $12.00 plus $2.50 on prepaid orders).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.