ERIC Number: ED332113
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Effects of Maternal Employment on Perceived Parental Sex-Role Characteristics.
This study investigated young adults' (N=88) perceptions of their parents' sex role characteristics on the basis of maternal employment status. The object of the study was to assess whether an employed mother's nontraditional role affected perceptions of her sex-role characteristics and those of her husband. In addition, the study looked at the relationships among parental sex-role characteristics, family conflict, and negative attitude toward maternal employment. The test packet used in this study consisted of three separate questionnaires, along with a page designed to obtain background information about each subject. The three questionnaires were: the Childhood Appraisal Scale; two subscales of the Minnesota Counseling Inventory (MCI); and the BEM Sex Role Inventory. A relationship was found between maternal masculinity and paternal femininity, which suggests that mothers who are perceived as more instrumental tend to have husbands who are seen by their children as more emotionally expressive and nurturant. Children from two-paycheck families perceived traditional sex-role differences between their parents, seeing mothers as more feminine and fathers as more masculine. Mothers in these families were also perceived as more closely approximating the feminine ideal than fathers were viewed as fulfilling the masculine ideal. Paternal femininity was significantly associated with less problematic family relationships and a reduced tendency to blame negative outcomes on maternal employment. The association between both maternal femininity and masculinity, and more positive family relationships and less blaming of maternal employment suggests that both sets of maternal qualities facilitate two-paycheck family functioning. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A