ERIC Number: ED331933
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Uniform Policy/Dress Codes: School Staff and Parent Perceptions of Need and Impact.
Stevenson, Zollie, Jr.; Chunn, Eva Wells
This study examines the impact of uniform/dress codes and practices on school climate, educational attainment, and student affective and cognitive domains in Washington (District of Columbia) schools. Information was drawn from surveys of 301 principals and teachers and 268 parents. The following findings are presented: (1) reasons cited for interest in a policy included the need to teach students that clothes do not make a person, financial savings for family, and parent concern that children might participate in an illicit act to purchase designer clothing; (2) elementary schools were more likely than secondary schools to be planning to implement a uniform policy, and senior high schools were more likely than elementary or junior high schools to be planning a dress code policy; (3) parents were usually involved in developing a uniform policy in elementary schools, but not in secondary schools; (4) the average price of a uniform for males in 1991 was $119.57, compared with $113.56 in 1989, and for females was $130.67 in 1991, compared with $108.47 in 1989; (5) there was no significant change in overall attendance or educational attainment after implementing a policy; and (6) parents and school staff believe that wearing uniforms has had a positive impact on school climate. Statistical data are presented in seven tables. A glossary and a list of three references are appended. (FMW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC.