ERIC Number: ED331571
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Retention at the Community College Level.
Bushnell, Jay R.
This literature review considers the theory and practice of retention efforts in higher education, with special focus on community college programs. Introductory material looks at the conditions (e.g., tighter budgets and decreased enrollments) that have brought the issues of attrition and retention to the forefront. The next section reviews studies of rates of retention, attempting to identify factors associated with high rates of attrition or persistence. Findings discussed here indicate that attrition is heaviest at the freshman level, and that most school withdrawals are voluntary in nature, with only 20-25% of students leaving for academic reasons. Next, models and theories of retention are reviewed, including models focusing on social integration, competing forces in students' lives, competency and commitment, and values added by educational experiences. After considering the design of campus-based research on retention, the paper reviews various definitions of successful retention. The next sections offer a summary of the literature concerning: successful retention and conditions promoting attrition; retention strategies for developmental programs; literacy issues; and the use of information on learning styles in program planning. Suggestions regarding the development of retention programs are offered, followed by a summary of the characteristics of successful programs, including the program at Miami-Dade Community college. A 52-item bibliography is included. (JMC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Graduate seminar paper, University of Florida.