ERIC Number: ED331336
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jan-1
Environmental Influences on Alcohol Use by College Students.
Kuh, George P.
The issue of alcohol use, with occasional reference to other drug use, by college students is reviewed in this report: which (1) summarizes what is known about the influence of collegiate environments on college student use of alcohol; and (2) suggests how campus policies and practices can be modified to create environmental conditions that have a positive, health-enhancing influence on college student behavior. The presentation is divided into four sections. First, several conceptions of the college environment are discussed. Next, the characteristics of college students who use alcohol are summarized. Then, the literature on environmental influences on college student alcohol use is examined covering campus physical properties, campus organizational properties, campus social-psychological properties, and campus cultural properties. Finally, conclusions and recommendations for institutional policies and practices, as well as areas that require additional research, are presented. An appendix contains a discussion of the five campus environmental factors that foster responsible, health-enhancing behavior. Contains 149 references. (GLR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. School of Education.