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ERIC Number: ED331326
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Oct
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Language and Literacy Shifts in Refugee Populations.
Long, Lynellyn D.
The large scale movements of refugees in many areas of the world are having dramatic impacts on indigenous cultures, languages, and literacies. Both anecdotal evidence and research suggest that the experience of uprooting and displacement creates an increased demand for literacy, new forms of literate expression, and more multilingual environments. A discussion of these issues (1) examines the international context of and legal protection for refugees and displaced persons; (2) outlines the research on language and literacy; (3) looks at stages in the experience of uprooting and displacement and provides anecdotal evidence, based on interviews with relief officials, workers, and refugees; and (4) concludes with a conceptual model to predict language and literacy changes. Analysis of these issues in light of current population movement patterns suggests that the retention of languages and literacies depends on the understanding of present and future uses. It is suggested that while refugee emergency situations initially decrease literacy levels, the process of dislocation may create greater demand for education and multiple literacies. Although educational rights are protected by international law, the real situation is more complex. Local governments and communities and international organizations must be involved in policy-making and advocacy. Additional research is recommended. (MSE) (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse on Literacy Education)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A