ERIC Number: ED331210
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
The Quantum Leap in Special Education: New Information and Communication Technologies. Their Impact upon Educational Opportunities for Disabled People, Focussing on How Integration in the Ordinary Educational System Can Be Facilitated. Draft Document.
This paper suggests means of merging educational ideas with new information and communication technologies to aid individuals with disabilities. New technologies discussed include microtechnology and integrated circuits, high speed processing and retrieval of information, and light-weight equipment, among others. New technologies can be used as aids in mobility, communication, diagnosis, training, information processing, expressive and creative activities, and recreational activities. The role of new technologies (television, the modern car, etc.) as potential "disablers" for individuals with certain disabilities is also described, and ergonomical considerations such as display resolution and keyboard complications are examined. Technologies and equipment are then surveyed, such as radio and television, film and videotapes, electronic mail, voice recognition, touch screens, artificial intelligence, word processing, image processing, interactive video, digitalized and synthetic speech, and tactile displays. Impacts of new technologies on interpersonal communication, language acquisition, creativity, and other factors are noted. The question of equity and autonomy for all members of society is explored. Requirements for integrating disabled students within ordinary educational institutions are spelled out, focusing on the areas of: information collection and dissemination; adapted educational and social infrastructure; availability of suitable hardware and software; resource allocation and administration; physical and social integration; and ethical considerations. Implications of new technologies for teacher education are described. (JDD)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Assistive Devices (for Disabled), Communication Aids (for Disabled), Communications, Computer Uses in Education, Disabilities, Educational Opportunities, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Information Technology, Mainstreaming, Teacher Education, Technology
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris 75700, France (free).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).