ERIC Number: ED331199
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Characteristics of Autism. Literature Review.
The literature review considers characteristics of autism in three general areas of impairment: communication; cognition; and social behavior. Briefly noted are incidence and etiology facts. A variety of definitions are presented including a psychiatric definition, Leo Kanner's definition, and the definition of the Autism Study Committee of Iowa. Diagnostic criteria are presented including the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule and an ecobehavioral coding system. Studies which have specifically examined impairments in communication, cognition, and social development are then summarized. Nine implications are drawn including: isolated abilities can result in overestimating the autistic child's potential; intervention must begin early; intervention should be carried out in all phases of the child's life; autism characteristics will vary along a continuum; curriculum must address communication skills; and programming for intervention should be based on assessment of the individual rather than on diagnosis. Contains 16 references. (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A