ERIC Number: ED331081
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Direct Quote and Reference List Entry Faults and Errors in a Sample of Articles from the "American Educational Research Journal," Compared With Findings from Previous Research.
White, Arden; Hernandez, Nelda R.
A study compared the nature and frequency of faults and errors in reference list entries and direct quotes selected from 78 articles in 8 issues of the "American Educational Research Journal" (AERJ) with authors sampled from 10 previously studied journals. All departures from the original (additions, omissions, or changes) were labeled as either a word or punctuation deviation. Of 856 AERJ reference list entries that were retrieved, 46.26% contained at least one fault or error, which is similar to the fault/error rate of the previously reported data. The most frequent discrepancy was omission of the author's middle initial, with the second being a punctuation fault. Other errors and faults included: (1) misspelling of author surnames; (2) erroneous volume numbers; (3) erroneous page numbers; (4) word changes, additions, replacements, and/or omissions in the title of the article being cited; (5) quotation marks used for paraphrases; and (6) direct quotes presented as paraphrases. The data compiled here, added to the findings from previous studies, leave little doubt, although the samplings are relatively small in light of the large numbers of authors, that faults and errors in scholarly writing are widespread, and almost certainly increasing in frequency of perpetration. (One table of data is included and 26 references are attached.) (PRA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A