ERIC Number: ED330983
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Linking Trends in Cocaine Use to Perceived Risks, Disapproval, and Lifestyle Factors: An Analysis of High School Seniors, 1976-1988. Monitoring the Future. Occasional Paper Series, Paper 29.
Bachman, Jerald G.; And Others
Research has shown a sharp drop in cocaine use among high school students and young adults since 1986. Alternative explanations for this decline were explored using questionnaire data from the Monitoring our Future project which involves annual nationwide surveys of high school seniors. Univariate and bivariate analyses examined each graduating class from 1976 through 1988; multivariate analyses focused primarily on the classes of 1985 through 1988. The results showed important parallels with earlier analyses of the decline in marijuana use. Although lifestyle factors (e.g., religious commitment, truancy, evenings out for fun and recreation) showed strong links with the individual's use of marijuana and also cocaine, these lifestyle trends cannot account for the declines in use of either drug. Importantly there has not been any reduction in reported availability of either drug. Instead, increases in perceived risks and disapproval appear to have contributed substantially to the recent declines in use of marijuana and cocaine. The findings provide strong support for the use of realistic information about risks and consequences as an important ingredient in drug use prevention efforts. Coupled with the availability findings, the results emphasize the importance of demand (as opposed to supply) reduction efforts. (Author/BHK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.