ERIC Number: ED330961
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-27
Reference Count: N/A
Adolescents Who Drive Under the Influence: Correlates and Risk Factors.
Mayton, Daniel M., II; And Others
This study was designed to determine the correlates or potential risk factors which predict whether an adolescent who drinks or uses drugs will refrain from driving under the influence, or will drive in this condition. A group of 426 rural high school seniors completed a questionnaire which assessed drug use patterns and previously identified risk factors for substance use and abuse. A little over one-half of this group reported not driving when they were drunk or high, 27.7 percent did so once or twice, 15 percent did so between 3 and 10 times, and the remaining 2.8 percent drove a car while under the influence of drugs 11 or more times. Nine significant predictors of driving while under the influence were identified: (1) amounts of alcohol consumed at a time; (2) binge drinking patterns; (3) levels of drug usage at school or school events; (4) presence of drug user support groups at school; (5) history of getting into trouble with drugs; (6) involvement in extracurricular activities; (7) perceptions of the harmfulness of drugs; (8) perceived knowledge gained from exposure to drug education messages; and (9) being a male. These predictors indicated the need for prevention programming which targets specific behaviors, perceptions, and alternative experiences to alcohol and drug use, and which does not exclusively fall into the school domain. (Author/LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (71st, San Francisco, CA, April 25-28, 1991).