ERIC Number: ED330852
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Education and Training for Work: The Policy Instruments and the Institutions.
McDonnell, Lorraine M.; Grubb, W. Norton
A study analyzed the role of state governments in implementing federal education and job training policies and in designing and implementing their own policies. A framework was developed for understanding policy instruments used to promote education and training objectives: mandates, inducements, capacity-building, and system-changing. Each type embodied a different set of assumptions about (1) the policy problem to be addressed; (2) policy targets and expected effects; and (3) costs and who bears them. The framework provided an overview of the five major domains of education and training policy and distinguished areas in which implementation had shown the policies' underlying assumptions to be valid from those in which problems suggested a mismatch. The five policy domains--secondary vocational education, postsecondary vocational education, Job Training Partnership Act programs, state-funded job training programs linked to economic development strategies, and welfare-to-work programs--were based on inducements. They varied in types of secondary instruments combined with inducements, role of different levels of government, focus, and extent to which implementation was shaped by other policies. Policy design showed four trends: (1) more complex policy instruments over time; (2) a shift in balance between federal and state policy initiatives; (3) proliferation of education and training programs; and (4) assumption of new responsibilities by existing institutions. (71 references) (YLB)
Descriptors: Education Work Relationship, Educational Policy, Federal Aid, Federal Government, Federal Legislation, Federal Regulation, Government Role, Job Training, Policy Formation, Postsecondary Education, Program Design, Program Development, Public Policy, Secondary Education, State Aid, State Government, Vocational Education, Welfare Recipients
National Center for Research in Vocational Education Materials Distribution Service, Horrabin Hall 46, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL 61455 (order no. MDS-025: $4.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982