ERIC Number: ED330463
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Maternal Labor Supply and Children's Cognitive Development. NBER Working Paper Series.
Blau, Francine D.; Grossberg, Adam J.
This study used a sample of 3- and 4-year-old children of female respondents from the 1986 National Longitudinal Surveys Youth Cohort to analyze the relationship between maternal labor supply and children's cognitive development. Respondents were 21 to 29 years old in 1986. Thus, the sample consisted of children of relatively young mothers. Findings indicated that the impact of maternal labor supply depended on when the labor occurred. Maternal employment was found to have a negative impact when it occurred during the first year of the child's life and a potentially offsetting positive effect when it occurred during the second and subsequent years. Although there was some evidence that boys were more sensitive to maternal labor supply than girls, the gender difference was not significant. The negative first-year effect was not mitigated to any great extent by the increased maternal income that accompanied it. However, the increase in maternal income did appear to play an important role in producing a positive effect in the second and later years. A total of 18 references, and 60 working papers of the National Bureau of Economic Research, are cited. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Economic Factors, Employed Parents, Family Income, Mothers, National Surveys, Parent Influence, Preschool Children, Sex Differences
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138 ($3.00 per copy within continental U.S.; $4.00 per copy for all other locations).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
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