ERIC Number: ED330321
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
The Effects of Distance Learning: A Summary of Literature. Research Monograph Number 2.
Moore, Michael G.; Thompson, Melody M.
After a brief review of the characteristics of distance education, this paper provides a review of the literature covering the research of the 1980s on teaching, learning, educational planning, organization, and policy formation as it relates to the use of communications technology in contemporary distance education. The main focus is on interactive telecommunications media, i.e., audio, video, and computer teleconferencing. The broad field of education is reviewed, including higher and continuing education and K-12 (children's) education. The issues that are identified and discussed are not those concerned with the effectiveness of communications media per se, but the effects that their use has on certain educational variables, particularly on learners' achievements and attitudes, on teachers' achievements and attitudes, on course design and curriculum issues, on cost, administration, and organization, and policy making in education. Discussions of the implications of the research findings include the need for strategic planning, media selection and usage, the quality of interaction, documentation, and policy research. A 94-item annotated bibliography is provided. (DB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Annotated Bibliographies, Curriculum Development, Distance Education, Educational Change, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Information Technology, Media Research, Multimedia Instruction, Policy Formation, Professional Development, Student Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southeastern Ohio Telecommunications Consortium.