ERIC Number: ED330223
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
A Handbook for Volunteer ESL Instructors.
Nationalities Service Center, Philadelphia, PA.
This handbook is designed as a resource or guide for volunteers teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) to non-English-speaking adults. The first chapter discusses ESL students' needs and goals. Basic characteristics and attitudes of ESL students are noted, including the specific cultural traits of the following language groups common in the Philadelphia area: Arabic, Chinese, Farsi, Russian, Vietnamese, and West African. Suggestions for defining student goals and needs and for selecting instructional materials are also offered. The second chapter looks at some basic principles of ESL teaching, including: the elements of language, the functional approach, choosing situations and topics, the progression from controlled to free language practice, mechanical and communicative exercises contrasted, and general teaching tips. Chapter 3 addresses specific language skill areas, including: listening/speaking skills, pronunciation, and reading/writing skills. Instructional principles, activities, and techniques are presented for each. A worksheet for planning lessons is also included. (MSE) (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse on Literacy Education)
Descriptors: Adult Education, African Languages, Arabic, Chinese, Classroom Techniques, Cultural Traits, English (Second Language), Instructional Materials, Lesson Plans, Listening Skills, Literacy Education, Media Selection, Needs Assessment, Oral Language, Persian, Pronunciation Instruction, Reading Instruction, Russian, Second Language Instruction, Student Characteristics, Student Needs, Teaching Guides, Uncommonly Taught Languages, Vietnamese, Volunteers, Writing Instruction
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Philadelphia Mayor's Commission on Literacy, PA.
Authoring Institution: Nationalities Service Center, Philadelphia, PA.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)