ERIC Number: ED330182
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov-14
The Relationship between Cultural Background and Parental Perceptions of Functional Educational Programming for Students with Severe Handicaps.
The study examined whether a relationship exists between cultural background (Caucasian, Hispanic, or Black) and families' attitudes toward educational programming for a family member with severe disabilities. Useable surveys were returned by 91 respondents out of the 103 of 337 families (31%) to whom surveys had been distributed. The 40-item questionnaire covered previously identified program quality indicators in the areas of: integration; data-based instruction; criterion of ultimate functioning; professional practices; and staff development. The generally positive attitudes of parents towards functional programming for their sons/daughters provided social validation for the "best practice" literature base in the field of severe handicaps. Parental satisfaction with educational programs was highly correlated with objective measures of program effectiveness. Among differences between cultural groups were that Black parents felt more strongly that handicapped students should not be prepared for the same types of living situations as nonhandicapped adults. Parents of sons were more positive about the curriculum than parents of daughters. The low number of Hispanic respondents made drawing conclusions concerning this group difficult. Results support individual family centered intervention programs, the development of parent awareness of "best practices"; and the maintenance of control of services with the family. The survey is attached. Includes 45 references. (DB)
Descriptors: Blacks, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Disabilities, Educational Practices, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Characteristics, Hispanic Americans, Parent Attitudes, Parent School Relationship, Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Racial Differences, Special Education, Whites
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midsouth Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, November 14, 1990).