ERIC Number: ED330129
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Persons with Mental Retardation and Related Conditions in Mental Retardation Facilities: Selected Findings from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey. Project Report 29.
Lakin, K. Charlie; And Others
This report presents statistics on residential facilities for the mentally retarded and on the residents themselves, derived from the Institutional Population Component of the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey (NMES). Part 1 presents an overview of the NMES and discusses previous efforts to survey persons residing in mental retardation facilities. Part 2 summarizes the data according to three groupings of facilities: (1) by type of operation (private for-profit, private nonprofit, and public) and size; (2) by Intermediate Care Facility certification and size; and (3) by size alone. Thirty-two tables detail the findings in areas such as resident movement, level of retardation, age distribution, activities of daily living, disturbing behavior and moods, medical conditions, use of special equipment, and employment status and wages. Part 3 describes an alternative method of using the population estimates to compensate for sample limitations and the resulting underestimation of the population of small mental retardation facilities. The final part presents a summary and conclusions and notes the relevance of the findings to current issues in residential services for this population. Ten findings include the following: access to community living opportunities for the retarded is growing; epilepsy, cerebral palsy, and circulatory disorders are the most common secondary conditions of residents; prosthetic equipment used varies considerably by type of facility; and there are more direct care full-time equivalent positions in mental retardation facilities than residents. (Thirteen references) (DB)
Descriptors: Adults, Attendants, Costs, Facilities, Group Homes, Individual Characteristics, Institutionalized Persons, Medical Services, Mental Retardation, National Surveys, Organization Size (Groups), Personnel, Private Sector, Public Sector, Residential Institutions, Sampling
Center for Residential and Community Services, Institute on Community Integration, University of Minnesota, 207 Pattee Hall, 150 Pillsbury Dr., S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration on Developmental Disabilities (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Center for Residential and Community Services.