ERIC Number: ED330001
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Dec
Developing Critical Thinking through the Use of Argumentation Techniques.
One way in which communication educators can effectively build students' critical thinking skills is by incorporating argumentation techniques into classroom discussions and assignments. The following argumentation skills are particularly suitable in helping students learn to think more critically. The first technique is the presentation of "facts" as testable claims. One exercise that instructors can employ in getting students to recognize facts as claims or hypotheses to be tested is that of creating a list of all major presuppositions inherent to the claim, either individually or in groups. The second technique is the examination of supporting evidence. Instructors could require students to research the sources used to support the ideas of a given hypothesis. The third technique is for instructors to allow ample time for students to synthesize information in their process of claim assessment, which can be successfully done through journal assignments. Finally, two argumentation skills that particularly lend themselves to degate-formatted exercises are: (1) eliciting a position; and (2) expecting justification of positions. By applying some of these simple strategies instructors can help students develop thinking skills that they can utilize for the remainder of their lives. (Sixteen references are attached.) (KEH)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A