ERIC Number: ED329934
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov-29
Reference Count: N/A
The Question of Readers in Reading Research.
To help clarify the meaning of three social constructs (class, race/ethnicity, and gender) that have been persistent indicators of reading ability, a literature review examined 393 research reports published between 1985 and 1989 in four major journals that commonly present research on reading. Articles for the review were selected regardless of methodology or focus. Class, race/ethnicity, and gender information was recorded for each of seven questions around which the review was organized. Results indicated: (1) researchers who considered poverty, race/ethnic minority status, and gender provided useful clues but not enough for a robust analysis; (2) 41% of the studies did not identify respondents' class, gender, or race/ethnicity; and (3) almost all the studies were virtually devoid of consciousness that respondents bring complex histories to research episodes. Findings suggest that the studies reviewed did not illuminate links between reading ability and its persistent social markers. (Sixty-five references are attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (40th, Miami, FL, November 27-December 1, 1990).