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ERIC Number: ED329892
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Examination of the Differences between Type A and B Individuals on Hardiness.
Parks, James P.; And Others
This study examined the differences between Type A and B individuals and their hardiness. Although it is thought to be an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease, the role of Type A behavior in other disease processes or general health has not been established. Because Type A has been hypothesized to be a maladaptive coping strategy against stress, one might expect the behavior pattern to act as an augmenting stress-moderating variable. To test this hypothesis, two self-report measures were administered to the 150 participants in the sample. The Jenkins Activity Survey (JAS) was used for assessing Type A and B behavioral patterns among participants and the Hardiness Questionnaire was used to determine those participants with hardy personalities who seem especially stress-resistant. There were 74 Type A personalities and 76 Type B personalities in the sample. A multivariate analysis was conducted to examine how Type A personalities differed from Type B personalities on hardiness and the three subscales of the Hardiness Questionnaire, which are commitment, control and challenge. Results indicated that Type A individuals had significantly higher hardiness scores than Type B individuals. Further analysis revealed significant differences between Type A and B individuals on the Hardiness Questionnaire subscale of commitment. (Author/LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A