ERIC Number: ED329886
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Violence Inside and Outside of the Home: New Evidence for the Person-Situation Debate.
Cervi, Daniel David
This paper examines the issue of violence in three settings: (1) outside the home; (2) toward a spouse; and (3) parent-to-child. The social environment dictates greater sanctions against hitting non-family people than it does for hitting family members. Also, those people who are prone to hit outside the family would be more likely to exercise violence toward their spouses and children. Conversely, those who refrain from using violence within the family would be expected to show a lower incidence of violent expression outside of the family. Data for this analysis were obtained from the 1985 National Family Violence Resurvey, which interviewed 6,002 American households by telephone using a national area probability sample. Results suggest that violence exercised toward others by male and female adults is contextual in nature. Among those men and women who have demonstrated violence toward a non-family member, the findings indicate that their tendency is toward constraint, limited usually to one of the studied settings. The traditional method for testing the trait-state theory is to measure situational variables by comparison groups and find a probability of between-group differences. The present analysis examined the behavior of the same individuals across settings to determine the level of transitivity. The hypotheses expected by trait theory were not supported. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New Hampshire Univ., Durham. Family Research Lab.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Sociological Society (61st, Providence, RI, April 12-14, 1991).