ERIC Number: ED329848
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Empathic Role Taking: A Tool for Teaching Family Therapy Interventions.
Ham, MaryAnna Domokos-Cheng
The three processes of empathy, creativity, and family therapy intervention are connected. A review of the literature about empathy has shown the therapist's level of empathy to be positively associated with certain traits: cognitive flexibility, cognitive differentiation, perceptual sensitivity, and tolerance of ambiguity. A summary of the salient traits of creative individuals includes openness, a sense of wonderment, permeable boundaries, sensitivity, freedom from preexisting sets, and a capacity for non-judgmental responses. Family therapy literature also speaks to an ability to "see" differently in order to "think" differently. The affective processes of identification and resonance, the cognitive process or role-taking, prediction and communication, and the inseparable intertwining of affective and cognitive processes have been identified as contributing to empathy, creativity and family intervention. The affective and cognitive processes empirically identified are discrete, yet exist along a continuum, and often are indistinguishable. The descriptive phrases of "cognitively flexible,""openness to diversity," and "sensitive to their own perceptions," are key elements of the three processes discussed in this paper. (LLL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (98th, Boston, MA, August 10-14, 1990).