ERIC Number: ED329586
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Feb
Research Based Guidelines for Computer Based Instruction Development.
Overbaugh, Richard C.
Guidelines are presented for the development of computer-based instructional materials. Steps in courseware development defined by M. D. Roblyer (1988) include: (1) instructional design; (2) preprograming development; and (3) programing. The emphasis is on instructional design, the most time-consuming part of the task. Preprograming development and the actual programing convert the planning to courseware. The first step in instructional planning involves identifying overall instructional content, objectives, and conditions of the course. Once a general course sequence (such as elaboration, inquiry learning, or discovery learning) is identified, task analysis can begin to identify: learning hierarchy; student model; and instructional environment. The second phase of instructional design includes developing individual lessons based on the parameters from the first phase. The instructional set is designed, and teaching strategies are determined. Performance eliciting and assessing is a third step, which must include effective techniques for providing appropriate feedback. The fourth step involves consideration of issues specific to computer-based instruction, such as: learner control; anxiety reduction; cuing; mnemonics; and personalization. A 48-item list of references is included. (SLD)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Educational Research Association (14th, Boston, MA, February 13-17, 1991).