ERIC Number: ED329332
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Early Childhood Education in Japan. NIER Occasional Paper 01/90.
Tabu, Mikiko; Aoki, Hisako
Early childhood education in Japan is reviewed, and education in kindergarten classrooms and day nurseries is described. Activities during a typical day at kindergarten and at day nursery are profiled. An overview of the history of preschool education begins with the time when kindergartens were places for the children of the rich and day nurseries were places for the children of the poor, and neither institution had direct links to later education. The overview then moves through subsequent history to reach the time when, in 1981, over 90 percent of the nation's children were enrolled in either kindergarten or day nursery. Finally, the present situation of early childhood education in Japan is described and related areas of concern are discussed. An appendix contrasts kindergartens and day nurseries in terms of general aspects, the administrative system, program implementation, the contents of education and care, and the training of kindergarten teachers and nursery nurses. Relevant laws and regulations are indicated. (RH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. for Educational Research, Tokyo (Japan).
Identifiers - Location: Japan