ERIC Number: ED329304
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Feb-23
Reference Count: N/A
The Community College System in North Carolina: A Brief History.
Fountain, Ben E., Jr.; Latta, E. Michael
The North Carolina Community College System currently provides instruction to more than 600,000 individuals each year, representing nearly 10% of the state's total population. The first public two-year junior college was opened in North Carolina in 1927. The use of public school funds for the junior college was challenged but upheld in court, marking an important milestone in the struggle to foster junior college education. The 1957 Community College Act increased funding from the state for existing public junior colleges but limited that support to college transfer courses. This action was counterbalanced by a legislative appropriation to establish area vocational schools. Seven schools were approved in 1958 and began operating under local boards of education. The Community College Act of 1963 brought together the industrial education centers and the two-year public junior colleges into one system under the State Board of Education. By 1978-79, each of the 57 community colleges and technical institutes was accredited, and each had established a permanent campus. A 58th community college was chartered soon after and quickly began operation. In 1979, the State Board of Community Colleges was established, and an amended version of the Community College Act of 1963 provided for the trustees of each college to serve as the local administrative board for the institution. Appendixes provide data on enrollment totals for each year from 1965-66 to 1988-89, total state appropriations and expenditures for the NCCCS from 1962-63 to 1988-89, and expenditures per student for each campus for 1986-87, 1987-88, and 1988-89. (JMC)
Descriptors: Budgets, Community Colleges, Educational Development, Educational Finance, Educational History, Educational Legislation, Enrollment, Expenditure per Student, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Public Education, State Aid, State Boards of Education, State Colleges, Tables (Data), Technical Institutes, Two Year Colleges, Universities
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Community; Policymakers
Authoring Institution: North Carolina State Advisory Council on Vocational Education, Raleigh.
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina