ERIC Number: ED329057
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Assessment of Students with Learning Disabilities Who Appear To Be Socially Incompetent.
This paper examines the identification of children with learning disabilities who are at risk for problems in the social domain. Based on sociometric measures, teacher rating scales, and measures administered to the children, it is found that children with learning disabilities may have problems related to rejection or related to neglect, and that these reflect different social behaviors and call for different interventions. Research related to learning-disabled children's social skills is reviewed. A five-step model is used to analyze how children process social information, focusing on encoding, mental representation and interpretation, the response search process, the response decision process, and enactment. For each step of the model, methods for assessing the social skill are suggested. It is concluded that learning disabled students differ from achieving children in their attitudes toward themselves and others' attitudes toward them; in both cases the attitudes are more negative but the source of these attitudes is not known. Learning-disabled children are less skillful than achieving classmates on measures of social cognition, role-taking, and communicative competence. They are highly motivated to avoid failure and public confirmation of their incompetence and to gain peer approval. (Approximately 80 references) (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Council for Exceptional Children (69th, Atlanta, GA, April 1-5, 1991).