ERIC Number: ED329035
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Deinstitutionalization of Persons with Mental Retardation: The Impact on Daily Living Skills.
Larson, Sheryl A.; Lakin, K. Charlie
Policy Research Brief, v1 n1(rev.) Mar 1989
This review of the literature focuses on the effects of deinstitutionalization (moving from state institutions to community living arrangements) on the adaptive behavior of persons with mental retardation. The selection process for the 18 studies receiving in-depth review is detailed. Two tables detail changes in three categories of behavior for study subjects: (1) overall adaptive behavior score; (2) change in one or more of seven specific types of adaptive behavior; and (3) change in problem behavior. The study found that all eight experimental/contrast group studies reported statistically significant greater achievement in either overall adaptive behavior or in the basic self-care/domestic skill domain for those who moved to community arrangements. None of the experimental/contrast group studies, however, reported statistically significant differences between groups for changes in problem behaviors. Most longitudinal studies reported statistically significant or slightly positive increases in overall adaptive behavior or in basic self-care skills. Overall, 13 of the 18 studies noted statistically significant improvements in either overall adaptive behavior or basic self-care/domestic skills, with 17 of the 18 studies showing at least a tendency toward improved adaptive behavior associated with community placement. No consistent pattern of change was demonstrated in the 10 studies reporting changes in problem behavior. (20 references) (DB)
Descriptors: Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled), Basic Skills, Behavior Change, Behavior Problems, Daily Living Skills, Deinstitutionalization (of Disabled), Longitudinal Studies, Mental Retardation, Meta Analysis, Self Care Skills
Research and Training Center on Community Living, Institute on Community Integration, University of Minnesota, 109 Pattee Hall, 150 Pillsbury Dr., S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Research and Training Center on Community Living.