ERIC Number: ED329010
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
How Public Schools Are Financed. Foundations in School Business Management.
Wood, R. Craig; Honeyman, David S.
After summarizing the philosophy behind the financing of public schools, this document reviews the division of legal responsibility for education between the state and federal governments; outlines the state's responsibility for providing an equal educational opportunity for its residents; and summarizes the use of federal revenues, state revenues, and local tax revenues, with emphasis on property taxes, to fund public education. Current and recent issues surrounding the equity of school finance formulas are described, including taxpayer equity, the taxpayer's ability to pay, and horizontal and vertical equity. Following a brief history of school finance plans, an overview of three methods used to allocate funds is provided. These are: (1) Flat Grant, Categorical, or Entitlement Programs; (2) Full State Support or Funding Programs; and (3) Equalizaton Aid Programs. Information on the latter programs includes descriptions of foundation plans, percentage equalizing and guaranteed tax base plans, and district power equalization programs. Included are three figures and three tables. (CLA)
Descriptors: Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Equalization Aid, Federal Aid, Property Taxes, Public Schools, Resource Allocation, School Funds, State Aid, State School District Relationship, Tax Allocation
Publications, Association of School Business Officials International, 11401 North Shore Drive, Reston, VA 22090 ($7.50 prepaid; quantity discounts).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Teachers; Parents; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Association of School Business Officials International, Reston, VA.