ERIC Number: ED329008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Dec-11
Year Round Education: A Closer Look.
The presently used school calendar is based in early agrarian society when children were needed as summer farm labor. Because the needs of the United States have changed, the school year format should be reconsidered. Year-round education (YRE) includes any change made in the school calendar that reorganizes the standard 180 day school year, allows for staggered attendance, or extends instruction up to 240 days. Motivation to implement YRE includes alleviation of overcrowding and strengthening of instructional programs. Students can be in a single track system with all in attendance or be divided into a multitrack system, each with its own instructional period and vacation. YRE systems now total 641 schools in 20 states, 90 percent of which are elementary schools in the high growth states (California, Utah, and Nevada). A number of plans have emerged, including 45-15, which divides the year into four 9-week sessions and a 15-day intersession for increased instruction or vacation; 60-20, which employs three 60-day instruction periods, with three 20-day intersessions; and 90-30, which is composed of two semesters and two vacations. Financial motives typically dominate YRE, as it brings more value to existing facilities. Social impacts include a decrease in juvenile delinquency. Academic improvement has been inconclusive. Analysis, judgment, planning, and leadership are essential elements in administrating a change. YRE is a sound alternative to relieve overcrowding and may provide improved educational opportunities. (18 references) (EJS)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A