ERIC Number: ED328935
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Feb-21
How Effective Instructional Leaders Get Results.
A profile of leadership behaviors that describes principals who successfully improve schools has emerged from effective schools literature and research of the corporate world. Instructional leadership involves four technical tasks that comprise a leadership profile: curriculum development, teaching supervision, staff development, and teacher evaluation. Studies indicate, however, that principals tend to spend the greater part of their time on management and operations activities and that school systems generally lack incentives for creating improvements. Research identifies four behavioral patterns among leaders: (1) Sense of vision (vision draws faculty attention to key curriculum areas and includes skills of consensus building and seeking creative solutions. (2) Organization developer (to develop an organization of people committed to excellence, leaders use skills in team building and conflict resolution. Understanding internal changes can mobilize faculty for improvements). (3) Instructional support. The principal must have expertise in teaching and designing effective staff development programs. (4) Monitoring learning. Successful principals monitor activities, a task analogous to management's "control" function. Skills include establishing clear indicators of student performance and providing progress reports to parents and faculty. These leadership behaviors rely on a knowledge base concerning the efficacy of various strategies or school improvement interventions. H. Walberg's (1984) findings on the relative power of factors such as home and school climate in enhancing student performance provide a useful conceptual framework for enterprising principals. A bibliography, charts, and tables are appended. (CJH)
Descriptors: Administrator Characteristics, Administrator Role, Behavior Theories, Change Strategies, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Leadership, Leadership Qualities, Management Development, Organizational Theories, Principals, School Effectiveness, School Organization, Staff Development, Student Development, Teacher Administrator Relationship
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of School Administrators (New Orleans, LA, February 20-23, 1987). Portions of document contain small print.