ERIC Number: ED328883
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Dec-13
Reference Count: N/A
Emergent Literacy: Ensuring that Students "Emerge" with Self-Esteem Intact.
Bass, Jo Ann F.
Reading is an area of the curriculum that contains many opportunities for students to develop self-esteem. Three common procedures used in the classroom, however, are likely to threaten students' self-esteem: required oral reading; team selection and the aspect of competing and declaring winners and losers; and question and answer procedures. Alternatives to required oral reading include one-to-one reading; choral reading using big books and language experience charts; reading along with a tape-recording of a predictable book; "partner reading"; "perfection reading"; and "impress reading." Alternatives to competitive teams include random selection of team members and avoidance of team rankings. Alternatives to traditional question and answer techniques are to ask questions a student can answer; rephrasing the question for the student; giving praise for the part of an answer that is correct; and offering clues. Instructional strategies for fostering self-esteem in beginning readers are dependent upon the teacher. Whenever teachers are unsure as to whether a classroom practice will damage a students' self-esteem, the teachers should ask themselves how they would feel in that situation. (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Reading Forum (11th, Sarasota, FL, December 12-15, 1990).