ERIC Number: ED328863
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Depression in Young and Middle Adulthood: A Summary of the Problem and Treatments.
Sortland, Theresa K.
The depressed person is often trapped in a vicious cycle of dysfunctional thoughts and feelings of powerlessness. Young adults are prone to depression because of the intimacy versus isolation conflict. Young adulthood (ages 18-35) focuses on the search for intimacy, establishment of a career, and formation of a lifestyle. The failure to succeed in these areas can lead to feelings of despair, inadequacy and eventually depression. Middle-aged adults (ages 35-60) are at a crossroads. Someone in this stage of life may become depressed as a result of unfulfilled dreams . The counselor seeks to help depressed adults to regain control over dysfunctional thinking, find hope, and learn to live life with a positive attitude. Depression is characterized by inactivity, dullness and feelings of helplessness and loss of control, hopelessness, persistent empty mood, worthlessness, insomnia, fatigue, weight gain, suicidal thoughts, lack of concentration and excessive crying. One out of every four Americans suffers from depression at any given time. Environmental stressors, personal characteristics, and coping behaviors of the individual are major components. Guilt, shame, agony and self-blame are emotions experienced by the depressed person in a society that insists that "feeling good" is the only way to be. Depression can be classified as either reactive (stemming from an external event) or endogenous (responding to an internal, often unknown, process). Treatment, like depression itself, is multifaceted and should include a variety of cognitive, affective, behavioral and interpersonal learning components. Individual counseling, drug therapy, and exercise are all integral parts of the depression management program. The counselor's role is to teach the client to effectively manage his depression on a daily basis. (BHK)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A