ERIC Number: ED328842
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Drug Prevention in Junior High: A Multi-Site Longitudinal Test.
Ellickson, Phyllis L.; Bell, Robert M.
Although concern about adolescent drug use has grown over the past two decades, strategies for controlling use have not kept pace. Project ALERT (Adolescent Learning Experiences in Resistance Training), a school-based program, specifically targets cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana, the so-called gateway drugs. It is based on the social influence model, which views the initiation of drug use as primarily a response to pressures from the environment. The study was conducted between 1984 and 1986 in 30 California and Oregon schools with students from diverse socioeconomic and demographic backgrounds. Project ALERT was effective in preventing and curbing use of marijuana among both high- and low-risk students, and was equally successful in schools with high and low minority enrollment. It also curbed use of cigarettes among students who had previously experimented with smoking. The program was less successful in curbing alcohol use, suggesting the model is more effective against substances disapproved by society. Project ALERT was also not effective for students who were confirmed smokers when the program began. The results also suggest that booster lessons are important for maintaining and strengthening program effects. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.