ERIC Number: ED328814
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Personality Traits as a Function of Beliefs and Childhood Experience.
The origins of personality traits and emotions have long been a subject of investigation and controversy. Beginning with Freud, an argument has been made from a wide variety of perspectives that early childhood relationships to parents are a primary factor in shaping personality. Within a cognitive paradigm, people's beliefs about themselves and the world are seen as important sources of individual differences. This study empirically examined the relative importance to personality of childhood relationships with parents and current beliefs. Subjects (N=305) were college students who completed questionnaires on parent-child relationships, basic beliefs, and emotions and traits. It was found that childhood relationships with parents generally made their contribution to personality traits through basic beliefs. Differing combinations of basic beliefs were found to account for a considerable amount of the variance in personality traits. Numerous gender differences were noted. (ABL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (98th, Boston, MA, August 10-14, 1990).