ERIC Number: ED328808
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Plain Talk about Depression. Plain Talk Series.
Depression is defined as a "whole-body" illness, involving the body, mood, and thoughts. Three of the most prevalent types of depressive disorders are described: major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disorders (formerly called manic-depressive illness). Eleven symptoms of depression and 10 symptoms of mania are listed. Causes of depression are discussed, focusing on genetic, psychological, and environmental factors. Diagnostic evaluation and treatment are described. The components of a diagnostic evaluation are discussed. Antidepressant medications are reviewed, focusing on tricyclics, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, and lithium. It is noted that antidepressants are not habit-forming and that antianxiety drugs are not antidepressants. Side effects of antidepressants are discussed and ways to deal with them are presented. Psychotherapies are discussed, including the issues involved in short-term therapy, behavior therapy, and psychodynamic therapy. Information on self-help is presented, including realizing that depressive disorders make one feel exhausted, worthless, helpless, and hopeless. Advice is given on what actions to take or not to take when one is depressed. Information on how to help depressed persons is discussed. This includes helping the depressed person to get diagnosis and treatment and offering emotional support. Addresses of groups providing information are included. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.