ERIC Number: ED328656
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Structural Impediments to Success: A Look at Disadvantaged Young Men in Urban Areas.
Jones, Sarah E.
This paper explores how recent economic, demographic, and social changes have created the conditions that are presently constricting the opportunities and future expectations of today's urban young men. While research indicates that all disadvantaged youth in urban areas are facing impediments to their success, the paper focuses on the realities of disadvantaged young men in their mid-teens to early twenties. The following factors and influences are examined: (1) economic trends; (2) demographic trends; (3) urban poverty; (4) family formation; (5) educational achievement; (6) drugs and violence; (7) incarceration; and (8) lack of supports. The paper asserts that a growing number of youth and families need assistance if they are to overcome the forces of poverty, joblessness, and racism that place them at risk of not realizing their potential as self-sufficient and productive citizens. Today's disadvantaged young men in urban areas desperately need supervision during nonschool and summer hours while their parents are at work, which should incorporate the following elements: (1) consistent adult relationships; (2) supplemental education; (3) health care and counseling; (4) recreational activities; (5) safe and clean facilities; (6) skills development; and (7) improvements in self-esteem. Efforts to help these young men must comprehend the reality of urban life in the 1990s. A bibliography listing 68 references is appended. (AF)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Crime, Demography, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Attainment, Family Structure, Inner City, Labor Market, Males, Poverty, Public Policy, Racial Bias, Social Support Groups, Unemployment, Urban Areas, Urban Problems, Violence
Union Institute, Office for Social Responsibility, Center for Public Policy, 1731 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20009-1146.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Union Inst., Washington, DC. Center for Public Policy.