ERIC Number: ED328562
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Sep-25
Reference Count: N/A
The Differentiated Additive Androgyny Model: Relations between Masculinity, Femininity and Multiple Dimensions of Self-Concept.
Marsh, Herbert W.; Byrne, Barbara M.
Masculinity (M) and femininity (F) were related to multiple dimensions of self-concept (SC) for responses to the: Bem Sex Role Inventory and the Self Description Questionnaire III (SDQ-III) by 898 Canadian university students (61% female) in Study 1, and Australian Sex-Role Scale and the SDQ-II by 1,858 Australian high school students (49% female) in Study 2. In Study 1, subjects' significant others were asked to provide ratings of subject SCs. In Study 2, students in Sydney (Australia) were followed from grade 7 through grade 11. Androgyny theory predicts that both M and F contribute to SC, but previous research, relying on undifferentiated SC measures, has found no unique contribution by F. These two studies show that both M and F contributed to the prediction of well-differentiated facets of SC. Consistent with a new model of MF/SC relations, the differentiated additive androgyny model, the relative contributions of M and F varied substantially depending on the area of SC: F contributed more positively to facets for which girls had higher SCs than boys; in some areas the contribution of F was more positive than the contribution of M. In Study 1, the pattern of MF/SC relations was similar for self-responses and ratings by significance others. In Study 2, the MF/SC relations were consistent across the 5 years of school studied, spanning the early to middle adolescence period. In conclusion, the two studies support neither the androgyny interactive nor sex-typed models, and provide only weak support for the additive androgyny and the masculinity models. In contrast, both studies strongly support the differentiated additive model. Eight tables provide study data; and an appendix describes the SDQ-II and SDQ-III scales. A 55-item list of references is included. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Australian Research Grants Scheme.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Canada