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ERIC Number: ED328062
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jan
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Variations in the Composing Behaviors of Academic ESL Writers in Test and Non-Test Situations.
Hall, Ernest
While research on the composing process has revealed great variation among writers and among types of writers, research has largely ignored fluctuation in the writing behaviors of a single writer. A study contrasted both texts and behaviors of six graduate and undergraduate students of English as a Second Language (ESL) as they wrote a practice essay test with their texts and an actual English composition proficiency examination. Fluctuations were observed in the complexity of the texts generated, in the allocation of time to complete various activities, in the writers' pausing behaviors, and in the type of alterations made while writing. In addition, the six writers displayed six unique profiles. Results suggest that assessment needs to distinguish writing problems from language problems and that instructional processes need to attend to composing behaviors, accommodating students who are apprehensive about writing or anxious about tests. The findings also reinforce the long standing concern about the validity of assessing writing skills with a single writing sample. (Author/MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A