ERIC Number: ED327988
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Cost Efficiency of Early Education. Abstract 25: Research and Resources on Special Education.
ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.
Cost-benefit studies of the Early Intervention Research Institute at Utah State University are summarized. No differences were found in educational effectiveness between half- and full-day programs, with the costs of half-day programs being about 75-85% of full-day programs. No significant differences were found between groups served by professionals or paraprofessionals on posttests of Intelligence Quotient, fine motor skills, gross motor skills, receptive language, and expressive language, with mean costs per child slightly less for the paraprofessional treatment group. Comparison of parent-and clinic-delivered intervention for speech and language problems found a greater mean change in language scores and greater economic efficiency for the parent-delivered intervention. Evaluation of the Abecedarian Program indicated that it is a sound economic investment with benefits including child care, reduced cost of special education and/or grade retention, earnings increase, and welfare and crime cost reduction. Recommendations concerning the design of economic studies of early intervention include additional studies of children's age at start of intervention, use of sound methods such as quasi-experimental and experimental designs, use of statistical procedures that increase the interpretability of quasi-experimental designs, use of large sample sizes, and more collection of longitudinal data. (DB)
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Delivery Systems, Disabilities, Early Intervention, Full Day Half Day Schedules, Home Programs, Infants, Intervention, Language Handicaps, Paraprofessional Personnel, Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Research Methodology, Speech Handicaps
Council for Exceptional Children, Publication Sales, 1920 Association Drive, Reston, VA 22091-1589 ($1.00 each, minimum order of $5.00 prepaid).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Innovation and Development.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.
Note: For the final report on which this extended abstract is based, see ED 293 492.