ERIC Number: ED327944
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
A Preliminary Assessment of School Level Differences in Instructional Leadership, School Culture, and Student Commitment. Project Report.
Midgley, Carol; And Others
There is growing recognition that elementary, junior, and senior high schools are different organizations with different school cultures and different leadership needs. School-level differences in principal leadership behavior, student and teacher perceptions of the school culture, and student and teacher commitment were assessed using data from 160 principals, 171 teachers, and 1,492 students from Illinois. Principals' reports of their behavior were similar across three school levels. Junior high teachers reported more stress on accomplishment and affiliation goals and less emphasis on power goals than teachers at other school levels. Elementary students had the highest, and senior high students the lowest, means on both the culture and the commitment scales. At all three levels, student perceptions of a cultural stress on accomplishment and affiliation were positively related to commitment. At the elementary and junior high levels a perceived stress on recognition, and at the senior level a stress on power, also predicted student commitment. A considerable discrepancy between student and teacher perceptions of the school culture was found. Numerous tables are included. (14 references) (Author/MLH)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Leadership, Leadership Styles, Principals, Role Perception, School Culture, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Student Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes
Publication Sales, National Center for School Leadership, 1208 W. Springfield, Room 208, Urbana, IL 61801 (Order No. PR-C005; $8.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for School Leadership, Urbana, IL.; Illinois Univ., Urbana. Beckman Inst. for Advanced Science and Technology.; Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. School of Education.
Identifiers - Location: Illinois