ERIC Number: ED327807
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Predictors of Intention To Take Precautions against AIDS among Black College Students.
Tashakkori, Abbas; Thompson, Vaida D.
This research explored the effects of a number of factors derived from extant intention-behavior models on a general behavioral intention to engage in protection against Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and a specific behavioral intention to use condoms as protection in vaginal sex. Data pertaining to beliefs, knowledge about AIDS, fear of and perceived vulnerability to AIDS, perceived efficacy to control exposure to AIDS, self-esteem and general locus of control, and past reactions to AIDS were collected from 124 Black respondents at a southeastern university and regressed on the two behavioral intention measures. Results showed that situational efficacy (to protect oneself from AIDS) was the best predictor of general intention, followed by reports of past behavioral changes as a result of the AIDS epidemic and by knowledge. Proximal threat of AIDS was a negative predictor. For specific intentions, a specific belief about inconvenience in condom use was the best predictor, followed by past behavioral change, followed by knowledge. Normative beliefs, a belief that condoms would prevent disease, and distant threat of AIDS were also significant predictors. Predictions of general intentions, more so than those of specific intentions, followed predictions of the intention-behavior models that informed instrument development. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (98th, Boston, MA, August 10-14, 1990).